Possible Errors: VIPKid Lower Level Certification (Option A)


Congratulations on deciding to certify for VIPKid Lower Level certification!

If you are in a live mock class with a mock class mentor, I promise they WILL make mistakes just to ensure you catch them and are comfortable correcting them. If you are recording a demo, you will want to pretend that your student made a mistake to demonstrate how you could correct an error.

Below are some common mistakes you might anticipate if you are teaching Option A, as well as some ideas for how to correct these. (Check out option B here.)

To avoid redundancy, there are not items on every slide since the students repeat many of the same words and sentences. As a general rule, I listed the possible error on the slide where it is FIRST likely to appear, but it could happen any time!

Slide 6 (ball)

  • Student does not pronounce the “l” sound correctly. To correct:
    • Use TPR and exaggerated mouth movement to demonstrate the correct pronunciation, and have the student repeat again.
    • Use a whiteboard to break up the word into onset and rime: b-all. ball. Have the student repeat each portion, then blend them.
    • Use magnetic letters to break the word into onset and rime. Have the student repeat.
  • Student omits a word. To correct:
    • Underline each word and have the student repeat each word before attempting the whole sentence again.
    • Repeat, emphasizing the word they omitted with a funny voice.
    • Articles are often omitted, so it might help to have a magnetic letter or printed “a” that you could hold up if they say “She plays with ball.”
    • Use your fingers to count each word when you say the sentence, and then again when they repeat.

Slide 7 (He plays with a ball)

  • Students sometimes omit the “s” when conjugating verbs.  To correct:
    • Have a magnetic letter or printed “s” that you could hold up.
    • Use TPR and exaggerated mouth movement to demonstrate the correct conjugation.
    • Hold up a verb chart and point to “He plays,” or “She plays” to emphasize it.

Slide 9 (throw/s)

  • Students incorrectly conjugate “throw” or omit the “s”. To solve:
    • Hold up a verb chart and point to “She throws,” or “They throw” to emphasize it.
    • Have a magnetic letter or printed “s” that you could hold up.
  • Student uses the incorrect pronoun.
    • Have a pronoun chart you can hold up.
    • Have a picture of pronouns (pictures or words) to hold up.

Slide 12 (phonics)

  • Student incorrectly makes the letter sound. To correct:
    • Use TPR and re-emphasize the sound. (Be sure you aren’t saying the letter here. For example, we do not say “R. ip. rip.” We say “rrrrrrrrrr. ip. rip.”
    • Use magnetic letters, flash cards, a whiteboad or leggos to give a visual representation of how the sounds come together.
  • Student confuses the words. “rrrr. ip. zip.” To correct:
    • Provide a visual representation of the sounds.
    • Hold up the incorrect letter and say the sound with questioning TPR.

Slide 13 (free talk)

  • Student forgets the target word or sentences learned earlier. To correct:
    • Revert to the original prop used to introduce the sound.
    • Provide a “fill in the blank” option to help trigger their memory.


When correcting errors, it’s important to remember a few things:

  1. This is VERY important to VIPKid parents. They are paying for their children to learn proper English, so they do not want to see us reinforcing bad habits.
  2. Correction should always be upbeat and positive. Negative reinforcement will cause a student to participate less and be afraid to try. Always keep corrections very upbeat.  To do this, you can:
    • SMILE!
    • Keep a happy tone of voice.
    • Give lots of positive reinforcement once they get it right.
    • Don’t correct more than a couple of times on the same slide. If they make a mistake, correct it two times, and then move on (but try to focus on it in subsequent slides.
  3. Error correction is the perfect time to use your TPR and your props. If a student is doing excellent on a topic, they won’t need as much extra help, but if they are struggling, these additional tools can really help in the learning process.

I hope you found this helpful.  If you have questions, please let me know in the comments. If you would like feedback on your own error correction, I would love to be your mentor and help you through the process.  Feel free to sign up using my referral link. You can also add my referral code (AMELI0055) to get started.

Good luck!